At "islam online" muftis and other respected authorities answer questions from muslims around the world
Islam online has been around for three years and has become one of the most visited muslim websites primarily because of its english language edition. It is based in qatar, as is the al-jazeera television station, but the editorial office is in cairo. In addition to news or essays, islam online also offers advice from respected clerics and legal scholars on all possible topics for a muslim lifestyle (ask the mufti). This is not only for members of the muslim faith, but certainly also for "incredible" interesting – even if the authorities of course do not have to reflect the attitudes of all muslims.
Questions are asked about all topics and are also answered openly with regard to what a muslim is allowed to do, what he is forbidden to do, or how he should act. All this is very concrete and goes into detail. It is about love, night wet dreams, fasting, female circumcision, sex, women’s rights, the obligation to wear a veil and many others. Live fatwas are also offered on topics such as women’s ies, economics and ramadan. The interpretation and with it the authority of the interpreters is highly set – and lets obviously much, since not fixed, become arbitrary. This can also be dangerous, as the example of the taliban afghanistan clearly showed.
Just recently, the treatment of muslims with non-muslims was a topic – and especially "considering the current events". Muslims can indeed feel persecuted at present, especially if they come from the countries in question.
Islam, they say, teaches its followers to live together with and respect all people, regardless of their faith. However, a small restriction is added: "you shall treat those who respect your religion and human rights with the same kindness and courtesy and have good relations with them." as muslims live together with non-muslims in a society, they are also neighbors, classmates or colleagues (which, surprisingly, seems worth mentioning). As "living beings" their life, their property, their honor and their religious freedom shall be protected. In living together, one must not forget one’s own religion. But somehow the respect seems to come only in a roundabout way:
"In short, you should think about non-muslims that they are potential muslims, and deal with them like this. Show them the respect and kindness they deserve as human beings, and maybe your good behavior will drive them to islam."
In an earlier fatwa, imam and professor sheikh muhammad iqbal nadvi rejects the notion that muslims could hate unbelievers as such. There was only the impression carried. Just as a doctor hates not the patient but the disease, a muslim does not hate the unbeliever personally but only his unbelief. Whether that reares everyone?
Islam and weapons of mass destruction
Of course, it is more and more about the jihad, suicide attacks, the war and especially the threatening attack of the usa on iraq. The questioners come from all over the world, the muslim community is global, so english is a common bond along with faith. The questioner is apparently from palastina and wants to know what islam says about the use of weapons of mass destruction. To his knowledge, religion did not approve of such brutal weapons.
Islam sees all mankind as one family, says the mufti. Family members were not allowed to fight with each other: "unless they do not find another solution. This means that war is a common position." weapons of mass destruction are indeed not allowed to be used against other family members, because they cannot be used to discriminate between "innocents and criminals" can be distinguished (which is also true for bombings). And after all, as one could read in an earlier fatwa on the question of whether muslim states should possess nuclear weapons, muslims did not invent nuclear weapons either.
All in all, war should be considered as a medicine. One should not take a dose higher than that prescribed by the doctor. Overdose leads to problems, which is why islam forbids killing children, women, clergy, people fleeing war zones, and also respects the protection of the environment. Allah has given people weapons of mass destruction to see if they can avoid using them. But if, for example, nuclear weapons were used against muslims, then they were allowed to strike back with the same weapons. This "reciprocity" is also a principle that is familiar to all. Of course, the mufti ares, one must try to solve problems in a peaceful manner, but "when there is no other way than to fight, we must defend ourselves, the children, the women and the country".
Islam and iraq
The threat of war with iraq, however, is of course of concern together with the war against international terrorism declared by the u.S. Government, which is essentially waged against muslims, who in turn, under the banner of religion, are waging their fight against the unbelievers and for a muslim empire or autonomy by any means necessary.
In fact, for the muftis, an attack on iraq will also mean the entire "muslim nation" because every muslim is also for all muslims "in all four corners of the world" responsible. Moreover, muslims should not tolerate injustice or oppression, no matter who the victim is. However, the loyalty of every muslim is first of all to the muslim community. Above all, not to help the enemies who want to destroy the muslim ummah (which apparently applies to the united states, without explicitly saying so).
For this reason, even if the un security council legitimizes an attack on iraq, "no muslim country should in any way participate in or support this attack by joining the so-called allied forces or by making its territory available as a base for attack". This is quite clear, is later clearly reaffirmed, and makes it clear that the u.S. Government cannot quickly change minds with propaganda, even if it has been able to persuade some governments of neighboring countries to support it, however apparently against the advice of spiritual leaders. Conflicts in these countries could also be pre-programmed if the usa attacked iraq.
Dr. Ahmad abul-wafa, professor of international law, added that a muslim may not help a non-muslim fight another muslim. International law does not oblige any country to participate militarily if there is a un resolution. This is optional, so abstaining does not violate any un law. Also the scholar sheikh yusuf al-qaradawi emphasizes that a support of the usa muslims "banned" (haram) was.
Shortly thereafter, the war against iraq again became the subject of a fatwa. An abdullah asked what the limits of jihad would be in the event of a u.S. Attack on iraq. Islam, the expert in matters of faith ares, is "the religion of mercy". For islam all muslims are a "brotherhood" and like a body in which all other parts feel the pain when one part suffers. According to the prophet muhammad, a muslim is the brother of another and must not harm him, for example, he must not hand him over to an enemy.
"Do not make my enemy and your enemy your friend"
So much for the general. If now the usa attacks iraq, then the "jihad to the individual commitment of all iraqi people". Duty but be it also for all neighboring muslim countries, "until they repel the american enemy". However, since muslims and non-muslims now live together in many other countries, not all countries are able to fight. Therefore, the task for muslims in these countries is as follows, "to support the iraqi people by all means, whether this support is in the form of funding, media or political support."
Clerics’ stance is also clear with regard to seeking american support from iraqi resistance groups to overthrow their own government:
"Even if a regime cannot govern a country and its policies, instead of helping the interests of the people, lead to economic decline and numerous harms to the country, this does not mean that it should be replaced by a pro-american or pro-british government that oppresses the citizens of the country and enables these powers to gain possession of the resources of a region in order to protect american-zionist interests."
In doing so, they refer to the koran, where allah says: "do not make my enemy and your enemy your friend." the iraqis were allowed to revolt against the regime in order to achieve democracy and freedom, but they were not allowed to ask for help from a non-muslim country like the u.S.A., which is not a muslim country "the gross power behind israel" is. Sheikh abdul-majeed subh sees this a little differently in a fatwa from 18.12.2002. If muslims do not succeed in overthrowing an oppressive regime militarily on their own, then they can also, as an exception, bring in a foreign armed force to help, but only if the supreme command lies with the muslims: "otherwise it is totally forbidden." on the same day, the us-backed iraqi opposition groups are directly condemned.
But the world is not simple. Muftis also call for boycott of american companies and products. But islam online is "best viewed by microsoft internet explorer 4.0 and above". And the website was put on the web by afkar information technology. This is indeed a qatari company, but it in turn is a "microsoft certified partner". Last, then, is always at the end of each fatwa: "allah almighty knows best."