The physics nobel prize 2020 goes half to the british physicist roger penrose and the other to reinhard genzel and andrea ghez. Penrose gets him "for the discovery that the formation of black punches is a robust prediction of general relativity theory". The german astrophyisker reinhard genzel and the american astronomin andrea ghez get the price for "for the discovery of a super massive compact object in the center of our galaxy". This has just announced the swedish nobel prize committee in stockholm.
Penrose in january 1965, ten years after the death of albert einstein with mathematical methods, that actually black punch can form, they are a direct episode of albert einstein’s general relativeity theory and they are described for detail. Einstein himself did not believe in their existence. Penroses groundbreaking contribution "is still considered the most important contribution to general relativity theory since einstein", explained the committee.
"Experious proof for a supermasseright black hole"
Genzel from the max planck institute for extraterrestrial physics and ghez of the university of california in berkeley had developed methods with the largest telescopes of the world to see through interstellar gas and dust to the center of the milky strait. "They have expanded the boundaries of technology and refined new techniques to balance distortions from the earth’s atmosphere, to build unique instruments and dedicate themselves to long-term research", write the nobel prize committee. Your work has supplied the evidence of evidence of a supermassail black hole in the center of the milk strain.
The astronomers led by genzel and ghez had focused on a region called sagittarius a * in the center of our galaxy since the beginning of the nineties. The orbits of the brightest stars, which lie the middle of the milk strain on the next, were mapped with increasing accuracy. The amounts of these two groups voted over. Both groups have found an extremely heavy, invisible object. "In a region that is not gross as our solar system, about four million sun masses are packed together", describes the committee.
Last year, the physics nobel prize went to the canadian cosmologist james peebles and the swiss astronomers michel mayor and didier queloz. They have made decisive contributions to the understanding of the universe with their research, said the nobel prize committee.